Increased foot sweating or plantar hyperhidrosis is the pathology of the sweat glands, in which they increase the amount of fluid released at times. Foot hyperhidrosis is distinguished by the location of pathological sweating in this zone. Often the process is accompanied by an unpleasant odor, which significantly affects a person’s self-esteem and leads to disturbances in the functioning of the nervous system.
Types of hyperhidrosis
- Local, when increased sweating is characteristic of individual areas;
- Generalized – sweating skin on the surface of the whole body;
- Seasonal – sweating increases in summer and spring and decreases in autumn and winter, with a decrease in ambient temperature;
- Permanent – the pathology is constant, regardless of the season and weather;
- Primary – occurs during puberty of adolescents;
- Secondary – as a result of illness or medication.
Causes of plantar hyperhidrosis
They can be divided into 2 categories – physical and psycho-emotional. Often, the physical condition is transmitted hereditarily, reaches a peak during puberty and adolescence, and subsides by middle age, old age.
Physical reasons include:
- Endocrine dysfunction. The disease develops due to obesity, diabetes, and other endocrine diseases. High insulin levels lead to increased sweating. In addition, there are fever, blood pressure, weight loss, and mood swings;
- Menopause. It is accompanied not only by increased sweating but also shortness of breath, drops in blood pressure;
- Infectious diseases, such as flu, tuberculosis, and the like, cause the body to secrete more fluid through the glands;
- The restructuring of the body in adolescents during puberty. Increased sweating can pass with age, after the end of hormonal adjustment;
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system provoke increased sweating.
Psycho-emotional reasons include:
- Stress or intense emotional experience. After neutralizing the stressful situation, sweating does not go away but only partially decreases;
- Neurological diseases caused by increased excitability of the sympathetic nervous system lead to increased sweating of the feet;
- Psychogenic conditions;
- Taking medications.
How to treat hyperhidrosis?
The problem of hyperhidrosis is often eliminated by special treatment, as well as the selection of suitable care products and antiperspirants. The podologist removes excessively keratinized epidermis on the legs, which is a natural effect for hyperhidrosis and gives appropriate recommendations for skin care of the legs at home. A person should also pay increased attention to hygiene procedures. It is necessary to do a daily foot bath, as well as regularly remove dead skin and use clean socks and shoes made from natural materials. Also, the doctor may prescribe the use of a special ointment, which, as a rule, contains antibacterial, antifungal ingredients and an antibiotic. The goal of treating hyperhidrosis (general or local) is to inhibit the secretion of sweat glands (the use of botulinum toxin has an extremely effective effect). The second course of treatment prolongs its effectiveness, which encourages patients to use a similar alternative.
How to cope with excessive foot sweating?
If you notice increased sweating in your feet, it’s time to think about whether you wear the right shoes. To avoid plantar hyperhidrosis, you need to buy comfortable shoes in size from natural materials. You also need to use special antiperspirants (a special foot spray), which you can buy at a pharmacy or specialty store. My Canadian Pharmacy also recommends that you buy orthopedic insoles. There are special models that absorb excess sweat and an unpleasant odor. This will give you not only comfort but also self-confidence. Orthopedic insoles are made from natural materials, and will also be excellent prevention for you against flat feet, varicose veins, gout and many other diseases of the lower extremities.
If you want to get rid of excessive foot sweating, follow these recommendations:
- Do not forget about daily foot hygiene;
- Do herbal baths for hands and feet (oak bark, mint, walnut leaves, sage, chamomile, birch bark) 30 minutes twice a week;
- Wear natural fiber clothing, loose shoes;
- Change clothes/shoes more often;
- Avoid coffee, alcohol, and spices in your diet;
- Avoid stress, tension and anxiety;
- Ventilate the work area frequently;
- Use antiperspirants;
- Consult your doctor about the use of sedatives, homeopathic and anticholinergics;
- Drink herbal infusions, such as sage tea;
- Use iontophoresis of water;
- The doctor may also prescribe injections of botulinum toxin (Botox);
- In exceptional cases, a doctor may suggest removal of all sweat glands.
All these factors allow you to partially or completely cure or prevent plantar hyperhidrosis at the initial stage of development.