Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating that occurs from time to time or constantly, with an increase in stressful situations, with a negative emotional state. Today, there are various means and effective methods used to get rid of a problem that brings physical and psychological discomfort.
Types of hyperhidrosis
There are the following types of disorder:
- general – the problem often indicates the presence of a chronic infection in the body, a disease of the lymphatic tissue or a metabolic disorder causing severe hyperhidrosis of the entire surface of the skin;
- primary (manifested locally) – the causes of excessive sweating are not obvious, the disease develops on different parts of the body, lasts more than six months;
- secondary – increased sweating is associated with a forced restriction of the movements of one limb or part of the body with a neurological disorder.
Causes of hyperhidrosis
The causes of increased sweating include genetic predisposition and secondary diseases. Most often these are diseases of the nervous and endocrine systems. Particular attention should be paid if increased sweating has appeared recently, from a month to six months, in order to exclude internal pathology. Overweight people also sweat more, because they have more body area, respectively, more sweat and sebaceous glands. Also, a lot of moisture is retained in adipose tissue, which comes out with sweat. In addition, movement with a large body mass requires a lot of physical activity, which also stimulates sweating. Increased sweating may occur due to the transition to menopause and hormonal disruptions.
Why is increased sweating unpleasant?
First of all, excessive sweating causes great discomfort. Secondly, sweat has an unpleasant odor since toxins, salts, minerals and other substances are released from the body. In addition, sweat-wet skin is good soil for the growth of microorganisms, which also causes an unpleasant odor. Besides, sweat causes irritation on the skin, and skin disorders are the entrance gate for microorganisms: staphylococci, streptococci, fungi. Because of this, pustules can appear on the skin.
Symptoms and consequences
The disease has symptoms of varying severity. There are several levels of severity. At the 1st level, sweating does not interfere with human activity, it is imperceptible. At level 2, hyperhidrosis can interfere with everyday life, but the disease is tolerated. At level 3, the problem causes significant discomfort. At the 4th level, increased sweating prevents a person from leading an everyday life.
In severe cases, a person experiences the following symptoms:
- constant cooling of the body due to evaporation of the liquid;
- psychosomatics – problems in society, anxiety, palpitations.
Symptoms are aggravated by stressful situations, strong emotionality, a warm season, body heat, as well as the use of chocolate products, coffee and certain spices.
In most cases, the causes of the disease are not known, pathology can cause high activity of reflexes responsible for sweating. Hyperhidrosis of the axillary hollows and palms is typical for people under 25 years of age and appears for no reason. Genetics matters, in more than 40% of cases the disease is inherited.
How to treat hyperhidrosis?
How to deal with the problem and how to cure it forever? This interests people who have the disease. Can hyperhidrosis be cured? It is possible but it will take a lot of effort.
It is important to consider the reasons for successfully getting rid of the problem. Sometimes hyperhidrosis is inherited. Currently, there are various methods of treating sweating.
The first recommendation is to regularly clean problem areas. With excessive sweating of the legs, it is usually enough to wash them with cool water twice a day. How to get rid of excessive sweating under the arms, on the chest and back? Visit the shower more often. This is especially true in the heat.
If hygienic methods are not effective, special antiperspirants should be used. If special remedies do not help, you need to know which doctor to contact. It is necessary to find out the reasons, to pass tests.
If earlier sweating was normal and then became excessive, hyperhidrosis can be suspected. If the causes of the problem could not be determined, you can resort to iontophoresis, surgery or botox.
What doctor treats excessive sweating?
Many people ask which doctor treats hyperhidrosis. First, you need to contact a therapist, you may also need to consult the following specialists:
- dermatologist – to exclude dermatosis and inflammation of the sweat glands;
- neurologist – to check for vegetative disorders;
- endocrinologist – to evaluate the thyroid gland, check hormone levels and exclude diabetes;
- cardiologist — to exclude angina pectoris;
- orthopedist – often feet sweating is associated with flat feet.
Only a qualified specialist can identify the diseases that caused severe sweating. The attending physician prescribes various studies.
Heavy sweating can be a sign of a number of other pathologies, which only a doctor can determine. If no diseases are found, then they are struggling with the problem in standard ways.
Antiperspirants and deodorants
Antiperspirants are not drugs but means that prevent excessive sweating after treatment. With hyperhidrosis, you’d better use the products that are sold in the pharmacy, or to resort to recipes of traditional medicine. It is recommended to combine the treatment options, adhering to the rules of use.
Hyperhidrosis deodorants are applied before bedtime so that the effect begins in the morning. This is the best time for application since the ducts of the glands do not function at night. The place of application must be dried, you can use a hairdryer.
The composition often includes aluminum chloride hexahydrate. Such antiperspirants are medicinal, they are used in the evening, before bedtime, once every five days. With prolonged use, you can normalize sweating and switch to the usual means.
Traditional medicine offers the following treatment options:
- alum – minerals with antibacterial action;
- jojoba oil, tea tree and coconut are effective against sweating;
- kaolin powder.
To get rid of the accompanying unpleasant odor, you can use baking soda.
Botulinum for hyperhidrosis
Botox is a well-known means for preserving youth. Another way to use it is to reduce excessive sweating.
Correction with botulinum toxin is the introduction of a substance into the problem area. The action of the drug blocks impulses and eliminates the effect of hyperhidrosis. The duration of exposure is up to 10 months.
Medications for treating excessive sweating in the armpits include Type A botulinum toxin, a strong poison of organic origin. In small doses, it is safe for the body – it is used to block nerve and muscle impulses.
With the introduction of Botox under the skin, pulses from the perspiration fibers are not transmitted to the glands — and hyperhidrosis ceases. In this case, the heat and water exchange of the skin is not disturbed.
Treatment with this method is effective in the second and third stages of the disease when a person complains of strong sweating with nervous tension, discomfort in communication, or a person has constant sweating and wet clothes under his or her armpits. At the first stage, it is recommended to use aluminum chloride antiperspirants that block sweat glands for a period of 3 to 4 days.