Palmoplantar hyperhidrosis is the condition in which the palms and feet begin to sweat. According to scientists, this condition can be observed for several reasons. This is stress or an attempt by the body to normalize its own body temperature.
You have probably observed such a paradox – when you start to get nervous, worry about some important event or feel fear of something, your hands will sweat. This phenomenon is completely natural and occurs due to the strong excitement of the central nervous system, which activates the production of special sweat glands.
Sweat glands in the human body
The human body is a complex mechanism. Each of its organs is responsible for a specific function. However, everything is interconnected. This also applies to sweat glands.
Humans have three types of sweat glands:
Despite the fact that all these types perform the same function (produce sweat), there is a difference between them. Indeed, the fact that palms sweat during emotional stress is affected only by a certain group.
The main part of the sweat glands in the human body are eccrine glands. They fulfill their specific role – they control the internal temperature of the body. They are mainly located on the palms, forehead and soles. This group of sweat glands leads to the fact that your hands begin to sweat with excitement. When their activity intensifies, we can observe a transparent liquid on the skin, which does not have a smell characteristic of sweat. It quickly evaporates in the air, thereby cooling the body from the inside and maintaining the optimum temperature in it.
Apocrine glands are located in the armpits and genitals. They also produce a colorless liquid, which has a thicker consistency. It is odorless and leaves the inside of the body through the hair follicles.
But how then does the smell appear in this area? Everything is very simple. It is not formed by the sweat glands but by the bacteria that are on the skin at this moment and contribute to the decomposition of this same fluid. This leads to an unpleasant odor.
Apocrine glands are located next to the apocrine glands. They can produce sweat in very large quantities. Scientists have not yet fully established what function these glands perform. But they managed to identify a relationship between the work of apocrine glands and axillary hyperhidrosis.
The work of all types of sweat glands depends on the state of the central nervous system. Nerve tissue is located next to them. When it is excited, the work of sweat glands is activated and a person begins to sweat.
And the palms begin to sweat as a result of the sweat glands receiving a signal from the sympathetic nervous system, which is activated as a result of the flow of information from the brain of the hypothalamus.
Causes of excessive sweating
When a person experiences stress (no matter whether it is excitement or fear), the battle of the sympathetic system is activated in the body. This also leads to the fact that the eccrine glands begin to actively produce sweat. Sweating resulting from the increased temperature of the body and its emotional state is interconnected. However, there is a difference between the two.
Sweating that occurs against the background of emotional excitability does not depend on the temperature regime of the body. Under stress, you experience excitement, but to overcome it, you absolutely do not need to cool your body. As a result, sweat appears on the palms and soles.
This complex mechanism greatly helped people who previously obtained their food by hunting animals. The sweat on the palms helped them reduce friction on the weapon, thereby reducing the likelihood of injuries of various kinds. Therefore, we can say that palm-sweating just helped out our ancestors.
Besides, through the sweat glands, our body gets rid of toxins, the accumulation of which can lead to severe intoxication of internal organs. So if you notice that your palms sweat periodically, remember, this means only one thing – your body is working properly.
It is very difficult to determine the cause of this disease because the human nervous system is complex. Therefore, scientists came to the conclusion that it is better to invent means that give temporary results than to try to find a “needle in a haystack.”
Most often, hyperhidrosis is associated with a violation of the functionality of the autonomic system. A variety of factors can provoke them. For example:
- pathologies of acute and chronic nature;
- frequent nervous overstrain;
- hormonal disorders caused by puberty and menopause;
- improper arrangement of certain groups of neurons.
All these conditions develop due to frequent stresses, poor ecology, malnutrition, bad habits.
In addition, increased sweating can be caused by the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the blood and certain medications. In order to get rid of sweaty palms and feet, it is not necessary to eliminate the symptoms but the reason that led to their appearance.
How to treat sweating palms and feet?
Sweating palms and feet are treated in a variety of ways, most often with drugs.
The most common solution for external use is aluminum hexachloride and glutaraldehyde. You can also use solutions that contain tannin and formalin, which have high toxicity and can quickly get rid of sweating but, unfortunately, only for a short time.
You should use such drugs very carefully, because they can lead to the destruction of the upper layers of the epidermis, as well as cause itching, burning and other symptoms of an allergic reaction.
According to doctors, at the moment there is not a single medicine that could once and for all save a person from sweating hands and feet. And this is quite justified since, in order to eliminate the consequence, you must first get rid of the root cause. And unfortunately, it is not always possible to determine it.
If your hands and feet sweat excessively, the doctor may prescribe antidepressants and anticholinergics that have a blocking effect on the nerve endings. As a result, this ailment disappears. Do not forget that all these drugs have side effects, such as drowsiness or dry mouth.
Botox in the treatment of excessive sweating
Botox is not only a means to fight wrinkles. Dermatologists often use it to block sweat glands. If you introduce this drug in the palms, they will stop sweating until it acts.
The effect of botox can last up to six months. But do not forget that any intervention in the human body can lead to various complications. The introduction of botox causes side effects in 5% of cases.
Iontophoresis is another modern way to get rid of excessive sweating. The procedure is carried out using a special apparatus, which is filled with a special solution. A patient should put his hands in it. The effect is achieved due to the effect of an electric current on the body.
As a result of this, charged ions weaken the work of sweat glands and sweat separation stops.
This is a radical method of stopping sweating palms and feet. This operation is called sympathectomy. It is done on the chest area, where the nerve endings are located, activating the sebaceous glands.
During the operation, a surgeon removes the elements of the sympathetic nervous system, which refers to the autonomic system. Naturally, there may be consequences of such an intervention, and it is up to you to resort to such a cardinal method.
Home remedies for sweaty hands and feet
If you have increased sweating of feet and palms, you can get rid of this ailment with the help of traditional medicine.
In this case, you can prepare hand baths with the addition of sea salt. At the same time, you need to take them in such a way that direct sunlight falls on your hands.
Trays with lemon juice are also considered effective. They are prepared as follows – add 1 tbsp. lemon juice to 1 liter of warm water. You can lower your hands into this solution and hold them in it for about 10 minutes, or you can just dampen a towel in it and rub it in your palms. After completing this procedure, hands should be treated with camphor alcohol. Instead of lemon juice, you can also use infusions of oak bark, birch buds or sage leaves.
Contrast baths are good for excessive sweating. Prepare two containers. Pour hot water into one and cold into another. Then lower your hands first in one bath, then in the other, holding them in each for 1-2 minutes.
If your skin is not too sensitive, you can try rinsing hands and feet with saltwater. Take 1 glass of hot water and dissolve 1 tbsp. salt in it. Then rinse your hands with this solution 2 times a day. After the procedure, do not wipe your hands with a towel. They must dry naturally.
In addition, you can use creams and ointments that you will need to prepare at home. To prepare the ointment, you will need to mix 1 tbsp. lemon juice and alcohol with 2 tbsp. glycerin. The resulting mixture should be mixed well and used every time after washing your hands.
You can also prepare a cream that not only saves you from excessive sweating but also has a beneficial effect on your skin. To prepare it, you will need to make an infusion of any herbs in advance. Take 2 tbsp. herbal infusion and mix it with pork fat twisted in a meat grinder (50 g will be enough). You will also need 2 tsp. castor oil and 1 tbsp. natural honey. Mix all these ingredients, put them in a clean container, which is tightly closed by a lid, and place it in the refrigerator. When the cream has the desired consistency, use it every night before bedtime.
Keep in mind that the use of natural remedies for palmoplantar hyperhidrosis will not provide speedy recovery, and therefore you should not expect a miracle after the first application. They should be used regularly for 4-6 weeks. You can evaluate the first results after a week of applying creams or ointments.
Increased sweating of the hands and feet is not a pathology but may indicate various disorders in the body, in particular, the autonomic system. Therefore, do not ignore this symptom.
Despite the fact that it is very difficult to identify the cause of palmar and plantar sweating, it is still desirable to undergo an examination and make sure that you have no pathologies. If you begin treatment immediately, you will notice soon that the perspiration has stopped.
Vitamins for the nervous system
In the case when hyperhidrosis is caused by stress and nervous tension, sedative drugs can help to cope with this trouble.
Vitamins for supporting the nervous system and good mood usually contain 5-HTP, gamma-aminobutyric acid, taurine and plant extracts – valerian, lemon balm, motherwort, St. John’s wort and others. They may also contain vitamins and minerals for complex support of the body. For example, magnesium is one of the most important minerals for the nervous system. Gamma-aminobutyric acid can also be purchased as a solo version. This is an amino acid that acts as a neurotransmitter in the human brain, that is, it is responsible for our good mood, restful sleep and poise.
Sweating hands and palms is a problem experienced by many people. To solve a delicate problem, you must carefully monitor your health and follow the following rules suggested by My Canadian Pharmacy.
- Personal hygiene control, regular water procedures, change of clothes;
- Proper nutrition, exclusion of spicy and fatty foods from the diet;
- The use of clothing made from natural materials, spacious and in size;
- Timely support the nervous system, avoid stressful situations;
- Harden the body, take vitamins and minerals, especially in the winter;
- Use protective creams and clothing when working with harmful chemicals, as well as during prolonged exposure to frost;
- Eliminate bad habits;
- Timely contact medical institutions and treat any manifesting diseases.
The prognosis for eliminating palmoplantar hyperhidrosis is generally favorable. Timely diagnosis and adherence to treatment rules give good results. General recommendations and health monitoring help not only to get rid of sweaty palms and feet but also to avoid its occurrence throughout life.